If you’re a small business owner, you
may be happy to learn that, after teasing us for awhile, Vanguard has
finally launched its Individual 401k. There are a couple of compelling
characteristics of the plan.
As with most Vanguard product offerings, the fees are extremely reasonable.
- There is no setup fee for your business.
- For each Vanguard fund in which you invest, the annual account fee is $20.
- Expense ratios are generally very low for Vanguard funds. The average across all of their funds is .2%.
- Depending on the fund, there may be a transaction fee, but these are easily avoided.
- There are three ways to contribute to the account.
- The employee can contribute on a pre-tax basis.
- The employer can contribute or match on a tax-deductible basis.
- The employee can contribute to a Roth account on a post-tax
basis. This allows funds to be withdrawn in retirement with no
additional tax applied.
Keep in mind that this is really designed for self-employed
individuals, typically sole proprietors and partnerships. Business
partners and spouses who work for the company are eligible, but this
account is not available for firms with other employees.